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News Briefs: IAI, Alpha Design Technologies in UAV deal for India           Uruguay receives mobile border surveillance system          Japan Successfully Launches New Spy Satellite          Northrop Grumman wins British government cyber-security work          Lockheed Martin introduced sensor system that can track and target multiple targets in radar-denied environments          Northrop Grumman Supports Successful Propulsion System Rocket Engine Test          Astrium delivers microwave radiometer for the Sentinel-3A satellite          Russia Retires Faulty Glonass-M Satellite          Russia, US to protect satellite navigation systems at UN level          Satellite Services supplies on-board sub-systems for smallsats and microsats          Patriot and Sentinel Capabilities Incorporated Into Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System          Lockheed Martin's Aegis BMD System Completes Highest Target Intercept Yet          Raytheon completes critical design review for GPS OCX software          Third Advanced EHF Satellite Will Enhance Resiliency of Military Communications          Boeing Offers Improved Cybersecurity Training and Simulation Tool           Britain recruiting cyber-warriors          Japan, US to discuss strengthening cyber-security          

 

Mission scaling
Space age, which was heralded by the launch of Soviet Sputnik way back in 1957, had its genesis in the deep rooted human quest to unravel the ‘secrets and mysteries’ of the cosmos. However, with the passage of time, the strides in space technology started unfolding its potentials for many down to earth applications and enhance the quality of human life as never envisaged before. Today communications and broadcasting, weather watch and resources survey as well as navigation and surveillance and other related activities, are, to a large extent, dependent on the capabilities built into the orbiting satellites of varying specifications. Not surprisingly then, the satellite technology has today emerged as a major contributor to the search and rescue opera
 
Eye in space
After indulging in port diplomacy with India’s neighbors China is now engaged in Space diplomacy with them. This has caused jitters in Indian security establishment, which incidentally was not caught off guard. Sri Lanka, Maldives and Bangladesh had floated global Request for Proposal for acquiring communication satellites and the relevant Indian departments did not take note of this. However, much later they realized that the Chinese has taken advantage of their offers and found it as a golden opportunity to further deepen its relations with India’s neighbors and further increase their dependence on China. First China built Gwadar port for Pakistan, Sittwe port for Myanmar, Hambantota port for Sri Lanka and is already engaged in one for Bangladesh.
 
Command from space
Satellites meant for a variety of end uses which serve as ‘eyes and ears’ from the commanding position of outer space, have now become indispensable for sustaining the strategic superiority of defence forces keen on realizing their mission goals, speedily and efficiently. Indeed, space resources are being considered a ‘force multiplier and game changer’ in so far as boosting the fighting fitness of defence forces under adverse conditions is concerned. Indeed, the massive intelligence failure suffered by the Indian Army before and during the short lived Kargil skirmish with Pakistan in 1999 has been traced to the glaring inability to access satellites designed for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance well on time.
 
Boosting cooperation
In the context of growing frequency of Indian space missions including ambitious plans for deep space planetary probes and manned flight, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is seriously exploring the possibility of roping in the Indian industry in a big way for the production and delivery of communications satellites and India’s only operational space vehicle, the four stage space workhorse PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) in a ready to use condition. Evidently, the prevailing industrial culture in India lacks in robustness and skill base to deliver the entire space systems on a turnkey basis. The industrial infrastructure in North America and West Europe is mature and evolved enough to deliver the entire space vehicles and satellites in an inte
 
Boosting capsule
In a major boost to the Indian space programme, GSAT-10, the heaviest ever Indian satellite, was successfully placed into orbit on September 29 by means of the Ariane-5 vehicle of the European space transportation company, Arianespace, from the Kourou launch complex in French Guiana. The 3,400-kg GSAT-10, described as an advanced Indian communications satellite features 30 transponders-12 in Ku band, 12 in C band and 6 in extended C-band. The transponder capability of GSAT-10 is expected to support the communications and broadcasting sectors of India in a big way. More importantly, GSAT-10 carries a navigation payload designed to support GAGAN (GPS aided Geo Augmented Navigation) civilian air traffic management system being implemented jointly by Indian Space Res
 
Avenues in space
The smooth launch of India’s home-grown 1858-kg radar imaging satellite RISAT-1 by means of XL version of the four stage Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on April 26 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), the Indian spaceport in Sriharikota Island on India’s eastern coast, is considered a major boost to India’s defence and security capabilities in all their manifestations. Defence analysts point out that the data made available by RISAT-1 can be exploited for enhancing the surveillance level along India’s international borders. RISAT-1, which is the heaviest satellite to be launched by means of PSLV featuring alternate liquid and solid fuel driven stages, provides India with day and night as well as all weather earth imaging capabilit
 
Reducing risk
Wars are no longer fought in traditional battle spaces. Combat zones have now become digitized and hence require flawless, uninterrupted and secure communication, as the modern day battle will be fought at the speed of thought. Thus, in this day and age, no military force can afford to bypass the Network Centric Warfare (NCW) concept. NCW operations encompass the linkage of people, systems, and platforms to form a self-synchronised, networked force that creates shared battle space awareness, provides information superiority and speed of command. An integrated networked force allows military personnel to come together and communicate in ways previously unknown. NCW reduces the time it takes to convert military commander’s intent into action. This increases co
 
Invisible enemy
Amidst the warning of a Cyber Pearl Harbor by US Secretary of Defence Leon Panetta, the governments around the world including India are gearing up fast to face the challenge together and some of the leading developed countries including the US and UK have signed joint agreements with India to combat the cyber warriors in a holistic manner. Considering the expertise of large number of Indians in ICT, the UK government is the latest to enter into Cyber Security Dialogue with India when its Secretary of State William Hague visited New Delhi on October 8 this year. US had entered into similar arrangement with India last year. The Cyber Pearl Harbor envisions a wave of attacks from foreign hackers that could cripple the entire lifeline of the country by attacking on
 
Capturing signatures
Space exploration, which took off in response to the long standing human quest to unravel the mysteries of the universe, has over the years served as a robust platform for the design and development of a range of high performance satellites with down to earth application capabilities. Today a wide variety of satellites moving silently in the depths of outer space continue to enrich human life by providing services such as communications and broadcasting, weather watch and earth observation as well as navigation. Thanks to the phenomenal advances in space technology, today services provided by satellites have become indispensable to support communications including telephony and internet, broadcasting, civilian air traffic control, intelligent surface transport sy
 
Spectrum of signals
Over the years as its satellite launch facilities grew and matured India has been toying with improvements to the Global Positioning System of the US and the Russian Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) with the intention of creating its own Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) consisting of seven satellites and a ground support system which is expected to be completed by 2014. Given the drift of developments it appears that nations intent on adding the nuclear dimension to their arsenals tend to opt for autonomous regional navigation and guidance systems in the expectation that the all pervasive US-owned Global Navigation Satellite System or GPS can deny access during hostilities. India, long a victim of the hostile intentions of its two ma