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News Briefs: IAI, Alpha Design Technologies in UAV deal for India           Uruguay receives mobile border surveillance system          Japan Successfully Launches New Spy Satellite          Northrop Grumman wins British government cyber-security work          Lockheed Martin introduced sensor system that can track and target multiple targets in radar-denied environments          Northrop Grumman Supports Successful Propulsion System Rocket Engine Test          Astrium delivers microwave radiometer for the Sentinel-3A satellite          Russia Retires Faulty Glonass-M Satellite          Russia, US to protect satellite navigation systems at UN level          Satellite Services supplies on-board sub-systems for smallsats and microsats          Patriot and Sentinel Capabilities Incorporated Into Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System          Lockheed Martin's Aegis BMD System Completes Highest Target Intercept Yet          Raytheon completes critical design review for GPS OCX software          Third Advanced EHF Satellite Will Enhance Resiliency of Military Communications          Boeing Offers Improved Cybersecurity Training and Simulation Tool           Britain recruiting cyber-warriors          Japan, US to discuss strengthening cyber-security          

 

Digitized war
With practically the whole world going network centric, warfare in the modern world has become digitized to such an extent that one tends to become a slave to a system that, in the event of a nuclear exchange could take us back to the did-did-dah-did (the first letter of the alphabet as transmitted as dot, dot, dash, dot) of the age of the Morse code. That there is a need to retain redundancy within the network could well be forgotten in the desire for situational awareness enclosed in a hand-held tablet that would be one of several gadgets required to be carried (like the hand-held thermal imager) that the unit commander would end up looking like a librarian in Wonderland.
Spectrum of signals
Over the years as its satellite launch facilities grew and matured India has been toying with improvements to the Global Positioning System of the US and the Russian Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) with the intention of creating its own Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) consisting of seven satellites and a ground support system which is expected to be completed by 2014. Given the drift of developments it appears that nations intent on adding the nuclear dimension to their arsenals tend to opt for autonomous regional navigation and guidance systems in the expectation that the all pervasive US-owned Global Navigation Satellite System or GPS can deny access during hostilities. India, long a victim of the hostile intentions of its two ma
Sharpening accuracy
Navigation gives precision to warfare. Its tools have become so proficient that it is now possible for a person seated with a console a thousand kilometers away to guide a missile through a pre-determined window in a building. A case in point is the elimination of one most wanted terrorist named Baitullah Mehsud who had been hiding in the difficult terrain in South Waziristan in Pakistan’s tribal belt and directing terrorist operations both inside Afghanistan as well as inside Pakistan. He had come to his father-in-law’s house to meet his second wife. While they were meeting on the roof of the house a cruising Predator drone aircraft detected him, identified him and shot two missiles that “took out” this thorn in American flesh. The acc
Securing networks
A nation that had acquired a well-earned reputation as a hub of information technology and the seedbed of America’s Silicon Valley start-ups, is slowly wakening to the threat posed by what has come to be known as cyber warfare. The clandestine use of cyberspace to launch disruptive attacks on networks that have come to rely on the internet, computers and network centricity that affect national security is warfare in a domain different from other traditional battlefields like land, sea, air and space. The incipient threat was brought home by a series of attacks on sensitive Indian cyber nodes in 2010 and since then the Government of India is trying to plug the loopholes through which Chinese and Pakistani hackers can disable targeted networks through the injec
Keeping a watch
India is all set to import sophisticated electronic warfare equipment and related platforms to enhance its existing surveillance capability after a task force report has found present system is totally ineffective and can hamper India’s operational preparedness to safeguard national interests. For this purpose, India will invest more than $15 billion by 2025 to import EW systems and AWACS platforms under a joint operations command structure which will include all three services.    In October 2012, a proposal to have a joint command for the Special Forces was mooted in the Cabinet Committee on Security. Joint Special Operations Command (J-SOC)-if it becomes operational-is expected to be under the Integrated Defence Services headquarters and to inclu
Growing strong
Elettronica, which was founded in 1951, within few years quickly, established itself as a leader among Companies designing and manufacturing Electronic Defence Systems. Over the last 60 years its systems have equipped numerous air, naval and ground platforms, of both national and international Armed Forces. This is primarily due to the Company’s ability to readily adapt to different needs whilst refining specific techniques and strategies. Elettronica has demonstrated a great ability to combine tradition and innovation, building a philosophy which stands out for its flexibility, an indispensable requirement to achieve excellence in the Electronic Defence sector. All these elements of excellence, the consolidation of existing industrial alliances coupl
Finding targets
In the aftermath of Kargil conflict, Indian defence research has seen some remarkable product development like the BFSR and the WLR and will help Indian Army in sourcing these systems indigenously. The 740 km Line of Control in the Jammu and Kashmir separating the two parts of J&K and 210 km international border is infiltration prone and the Indian security establishment has been finding it difficult to counter the Pakistani strategy of fighting Indian security forces through their Jehadis who are referred by India as cross border terrorists. The Kargil incursion jolted the Indian security mandarins and started looking for ways to check cross border infiltration through electronic means. The MoD had to acquire the BFSR worth Rs 80 crores on an emergenc
Disrupting signal
Cyber warfare and electronic warfare share one situation in common. Both are expanding at a rapid rate unseen in any other type of conflict. Electronic warfare is sub-divided into two branches -electronic support measures and electronic counter-measures. Jammers fall into the second category and they are proliferating as fast as electronic systems expand. Wherever one hears talk of electronic counter measures (ECM) and Electronic Counter Counter Measures (ECCM) one would be entering an archane world of listening devices and jammers. Some of the jammers can accomplish their task of disruption of communications between two or more points just by churning up a din in the electronic spectrum (noise). Yet many others would operate in a specified bandwidth in the au
Battle of spectrum
That three American helicopters could travel undetected across more than 200 km of Pakistan territory from the Parachinar border with Afghanistan to Abbottabad to reach the house in which Al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden was killed is either an electronic miracle or the usual perfidious Pakistani behavior. If the Pakistanis did not connive with the Americans for the prize money on Osama's head then the US Navy SEALS' mission to Abbottabad was a triumph of electronic warfare and the art and science of stealth technology. The war of the airwaves is a marvel of manipulation of the electromagnetic spectrum from the ultra-high gigahertz bandwidth down to the lower scales of the millimeterwave (mmw). The use/misuse of the electromagnetic spectrum is divided into passive
Avoiding measures
Modern aircraft, if they are not to become stillborn in the cradle, have to be able to avoid being hit by increasingly more accurate, longer ranged, more lethal missiles both ground-launched as well as air-to-air. A modern, fourth and fifth generation aircraft configured for the air defence, deep penetration strike, transportation roles or helicopters of both attack and transportation genres are designated mainly on the strength of their onboard airborne electronics. They help to detect incoming threats at long ranges and either automatically deploy counter-measures like decoys or tell the pilot in increasingly shrill notes what avoidance measure he must take to ensure that his aircraft is not hit. Survival in the aerial battlefield of the future will be wholly d