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News Briefs: IAI, Alpha Design Technologies in UAV deal for India           Uruguay receives mobile border surveillance system          Japan Successfully Launches New Spy Satellite          Northrop Grumman wins British government cyber-security work          Lockheed Martin introduced sensor system that can track and target multiple targets in radar-denied environments          Northrop Grumman Supports Successful Propulsion System Rocket Engine Test          Astrium delivers microwave radiometer for the Sentinel-3A satellite          Russia Retires Faulty Glonass-M Satellite          Russia, US to protect satellite navigation systems at UN level          Satellite Services supplies on-board sub-systems for smallsats and microsats          Patriot and Sentinel Capabilities Incorporated Into Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System          Lockheed Martin's Aegis BMD System Completes Highest Target Intercept Yet          Raytheon completes critical design review for GPS OCX software          Third Advanced EHF Satellite Will Enhance Resiliency of Military Communications          Boeing Offers Improved Cybersecurity Training and Simulation Tool           Britain recruiting cyber-warriors          Japan, US to discuss strengthening cyber-security          


Situational awareness
The ancient art of warfare has now evolved into a sophisticated battlefield strategy based on the large scale use of fighting platforms and combat equipment stuffed with advanced electronic systems and devices capable of “seeing and sensing devices” beyond the “visual  range”.
C4I capabilities
Satellites are playing an increasingly important role in determining the outcome of the modern day warfare that is heavily reliant on C4I (Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence) strategy. By serving as ‘command posts’ and eyes and ears in outer space, satellites can aid the armed forces in coordinating their plan of action and synchronise their operations for boosting their fighting capability through an enhanced situational awareness. For the network centric warfare strategy that draws heavily from C4I, satellite resources cannot but be an invaluable asset.
Military satellites
With the insertion into orbit of twenty satellites ranging in size from the large to the nano dimension with one launch vehicle by ISRO recently, there is no use pretending that use India instead of we will not use the capability for military purposes to enhance the desired goal of network centric warfare (NCW). The Indian Space Research Organisation deserves congratulations for putting the nation among those that can, with credibility, use space for both peaceful purposes as well as national defence  and security given that China has demonstrated disruptive capabilities like shooting down satellites with ground based anti-satellite missiles. The demonstration of the capability to launch as many as 20 satellites (more can be added if the weight distribution is
IRNSS capabilities
In a major boost to the Indian defence forces’ quest for an uninterrupted access to the satellite navigation capability to realize their strategic objectives speedily and efficiently, the sixth satellite in the seven spacecraft Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) constellation that would serve as an independent, full fledged space navigation platform, was  successfully launched in March. This  sixth  dedicated navigation satellite in the series, IRNSS-1F, was launched by means of an augmented version of the four stage,  reliable space workhorse Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV).In less than twenty minutes of its smooth take off from the second launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), the Indian space port in Sr
Military communication networks
In recent years, outer space has become a strategically vital frontier for the defence forces keen on sustaining their strategic supremacy on the ground and stay at the winning edge of the war. Indeed, orbiting satellites meant for a variety of end use serve as ‘ears’ and ‘eyes’ in the final frontiers for the armed forces on the lookout for a holistic picture of the strength and weakness of the rival forces. It is not for nothing that high performance satellites, up in the orbital space, have been described as the ‘unseen guides,’ providing timely and relevant data on a dynamic basis to help the armed forces to take timely and right decisions in the fast changing battlefield scenario.
EW in modern warfare
Rapid advances in the technology of the versatile and multi-functional Electronic Warfare (EW) systems and devices have paved the way for an enhanced situational awareness and information dominance to stay ahead of the adversary in the thick of the battlefield. Basically, EW strategy revolves round the exploitation of electro-magnetic spectrum or directed energy to control and manipulate the spectrum and take enemy by surprise. While helping to stay at the winning edge of the battlefield, EW focusses on limiting and impeding the access of adversaries to the potentials of spectrum.
Electronic warfare
The offshoots of the generic term ‘electronic warfare’ are weapon locating radars, electronic counter and counter-counter measures, observation devices and a host of military/civil tools. It is a realm of almost constant flux where methods and tricks of target acquisition meld into ways of neutralization as soon as the change is detected. If undetected disaster confronts the target nation. The initial US success in the Gulf war against Iraq was attributed to the use of electronic warfare to render Iraqi forces deaf and mute and hence vulnerable. The products of electronics are strategic in nature and many that have dual uses in both military and civil sectors are closely guarded to ensure that they do not fall into enemy hands.
Indian aerospace sector
For long, the growth and expansion of Indian aerospace sector had remained severely handicapped by the virtual monopoly that the state owned Indian aeronautical major, Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL), exercised over the aerospace sector  of the country with the private sector entities playing a peripheral role in the entire exercise as  small time suppliers of components and services. The six decades long sluggishness and lost opportunities in this nationally important sector meant that India had to depend, to a large extent, on imports to meet most of its aerospace products requirements at an enormous cost to the public exchequer. HAL, which for many decades thrived on captive defence orders that too in an environment bereft of competition lost all th
Role of drones in warfare
The widespread and successful use of drones i.e., the UCAV in the Af-Pak region has demonstrated its efficacy and necessity in future warfare, especially in a low intensity conflict situation. However, the defence community, world over, is now looking into the possibility of deploying the combat drones in full scale war which can be deployed in the long range and long endurance mission. The drones are now gradually becoming part of the weapons package. Indian armed forces will have to take a serious note of such drones which are gradually being inducted by them. In fact Pakistan has claimed to have developed a drone in collaboration with China and is reported to be using them on India-Pakistan border. Just a few years ago the US armed forces had a near monopoly
Airborne early warning
Situational awareness based on the real time acquisition of information holds the key to getting a holistic view of the battlefield scenario. Indeed, the efficacy of a network centric warfare strategy is directly related to the information superiority achieved through the optimum use of sensors and radars deployed on a range of platforms. In recent years, the vastly enhanced surveillance capability of the radars and sensors mounted on aircraft platforms has been playing a critical role in giving a new edge to the defensive and offensive capabilities of the defence forces. Clearly and apparently, air borne surveillance radars have catapulted into the very heart of the C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computer, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissan